HTML 4.01 / XHTML 1.0 Reference

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DTD: indicates in which HTML 4.01 / XHTML 1.0 DTD the tag is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset

Tag Description DTD
<!–…–> Defines a comment STF
<!DOCTYPE> Defines the document type STF
<a> Defines an anchor STF
<abbr> Defines an abbreviation STF
<acronym> Defines an acronym STF
<address> Defines contact information for the author/owner of a document STF
<applet> Deprecated. Defines an embedded applet TF
<area /> Defines an area inside an image-map STF
<b> Defines bold text STF
<base /> Defines a default address or a default target for all links on a page STF
<basefont /> Deprecated. Defines a default font, color, or size for the text in a page TF
<bdo> Defines the text direction STF
<big> Defines big text STF
<blockquote> Defines a long quotation STF
<body> Defines the document’s body STF
<br /> Defines a single line break STF
<button> Defines a push button STF
<caption> Defines a table caption STF
<center> Deprecated. Defines centered text TF
<cite> Defines a citation STF
<code> Defines computer code text STF
<col /> Defines attribute values for one or more columns in a table STF
<colgroup> Defines a group of columns in a table for formatting STF
<dd> Defines a description of a term in a definition list STF
<del> Defines deleted text STF
<dfn> Defines a definition term STF
<dir> Deprecated. Defines a directory list TF
<div> Defines a section in a document STF
<dl> Defines a definition list STF
<dt> Defines a term (an item) in a definition list STF
<em> Defines emphasized text STF
<fieldset> Defines a border around elements in a form STF
<font> Deprecated. Defines font, color, and size for text TF
<form> Defines an HTML form for user input STF
<frame /> Defines a window (a frame) in a frameset F
<frameset> Defines a set of frames F
<h1> to <h6> Defines HTML headings STF
<head> Defines information about the document STF
<hr /> Defines a horizontal line STF
<html> Defines an HTML document STF
<i> Defines italic text STF
<iframe> Defines an inline frame TF
<img /> Defines an image STF
<input /> Defines an input control STF
<ins> Defines inserted text STF
<isindex> Deprecated. Defines a searchable index related to a document TF
<kbd> Defines keyboard text STF
<label> Defines a label for an input element STF
<legend> Defines a caption for a fieldset element STF
<li> Defines a list item STF
<link /> Defines the relationship between a document and an external resource STF
<map> Defines an image-map STF
<menu> Deprecated. Defines a menu list TF
<meta /> Defines metadata about an HTML document STF
<noframes> Defines an alternate content for users that do not support frames TF
<noscript> Defines an alternate content for users that do not support client-side scripts STF
<object> Defines an embedded object STF
<ol> Defines an ordered list STF
<optgroup> Defines a group of related options in a select list STF
<option> Defines an option in a select list STF
<p> Defines a paragraph STF
<param /> Defines a parameter for an object STF
<pre> Defines preformatted text STF
<q> Defines a short quotation STF
<s> Deprecated. Defines strikethrough text TF
<samp> Defines sample computer code STF
<script> Defines a client-side script STF
<select> Defines a select list (drop-down list) STF
<small> Defines small text STF
<span> Defines a section in a document STF
<strike> Deprecated. Defines strikethrough text TF
<strong> Defines strong text STF
<style> Defines style information for a document STF
<sub> Defines subscripted text STF
<sup> Defines superscripted text STF
<table> Defines a table STF
<tbody> Groups the body content in a table STF
<td> Defines a cell in a table STF
<textarea> Defines a multi-line text input control STF
<tfoot> Groups the footer content in a table STF
<th> Defines a header cell in a table STF
<thead> Groups the header content in a table STF
<title> Defines the title of a document STF
<tr> Defines a row in a table STF
<tt> Defines teletype text STF
<u> Deprecated. Defines underlined text TF
<ul> Defines an unordered list STF
<var> Defines a variable part of a text STF
<xmp> Deprecated. Defines preformatted text

 

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TML 4.01 / XHTML 1.0 Reference

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DTD: indicates in which HTML 4.01 / XHTML 1.0 DTD the tag is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset

Tag Description DTD
Basic
<!DOCTYPE> Defines the document type STF
<html> Defines an HTML document STF
<body> Defines the document’s body STF
<h1> to <h6> Defines HTML headings STF
<p> Defines a paragraph STF
<br /> Inserts a single line break STF
<hr /> Defines a horizontal line STF
<!–…–> Defines a comment STF
Formatting
<acronym> Defines an acronym STF
<abbr> Defines an abbreviation STF
<address> Defines contact information for the author/owner of a document STF
<b> Defines bold text STF
<bdo> Defines the text direction STF
<big> Defines big text STF
<blockquote> Defines a long quotation STF
<center> Deprecated. Defines centered text TF
<cite> Defines a citation STF
<code> Defines computer code text STF
<del> Defines deleted text STF
<dfn> Defines a definition term STF
<em> Defines emphasized text STF
<font> Deprecated. Defines font, color, and size for text TF
<i> Defines italic text STF
<ins> Defines inserted text STF
<kbd> Defines keyboard text STF
<pre> Defines preformatted text STF
<q> Defines a short quotation STF
<s> Deprecated. Defines strikethrough text TF
<samp> Defines sample computer code STF
<small> Defines small text STF
<strike> Deprecated. Defines strikethrough text TF
<strong> Defines strong text STF
<sub> Defines subscripted text STF
<sup> Defines superscripted text STF
<tt> Defines teletype text STF
<u> Deprecated. Defines underlined text TF
<var> Defines a variable part of a text STF
<xmp> Deprecated. Defines preformatted text
Forms
<form> Defines an HTML form for user input STF
<input /> Defines an input control STF
<textarea> Defines a multi-line text input control STF
<button> Defines a push button STF
<select> Defines a select list (drop-down list) STF
<optgroup> Defines a group of related options in a select list STF
<option> Defines an option in a select list STF
<label> Defines a label for an input element STF
<fieldset> Defines a border around elements in a form STF
<legend> Defines a caption for a fieldset element STF
<isindex> Deprecated. Defines a searchable index related to a document TF
Frames
<frame /> Defines a window (a frame) in a frameset F
<frameset> Defines a set of frames F
<noframes> Defines an alternate content for users that do not support frames TF
<iframe> Defines an inline frame TF
Images
<img /> Defines an image STF
<map> Defines an image-map STF
<area /> Defines an area inside an image-map STF
Links
<a> Defines an anchor STF
<link /> Defines the relationship between a document and an external resource STF
Lists
<ul> Defines an unordered list STF
<ol> Defines an ordered list STF
<li> Defines a list item STF
<dir> Deprecated. Defines a directory list TF
<dl> Defines a definition list STF
<dt> Defines a term (an item) in a definition list STF
<dd> Defines a description of a term in a definition list STF
<menu> Deprecated. Defines a menu list TF
Tables
<table> Defines a table STF
<caption> Defines a table caption STF
<th> Defines a header cell in a table STF
<tr> Defines a row in a table STF
<td> Defines a cell in a table STF
<thead> Groups the header content in a table STF
<tbody> Groups the body content in a table STF
<tfoot> Groups the footer content in a table STF
<col /> Defines attribute values for one or more columns in a table STF
<colgroup> Defines a group of columns in a table for formatting STF
Styles
<style> Defines style information for a document STF
<div> Defines a section in a document STF
<span> Defines a section in a document STF
Meta Info
<head> Defines information about the document STF
<title> Defines the document title STF
<meta> Defines metadata about an HTML document STF
<base /> Defines a default address or a default target for all links on a page STF
<basefont /> Deprecated. Defines a default font, color, or size for the text in a page TF
Programming
<script> Defines a client-side script STF
<noscript> Defines an alternate content for users that do not support client-side scripts STF
<applet> Deprecated. Defines an embedded applet TF
<object> Defines an embedded object STF
<param /> Defines a parameter for an object STF

 

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TML / XHTML Standard Attributes

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The attributes listed below are standard, and are supported by all HTML and XHTML tags, with a few exceptions.


Core Attributes

Not valid in base, head, html, meta, param, script, style, and title elements.

Attribute Value Description
class classname Specifies a classname for an element
id id Specifies a unique id for an element
style style_definition Specifies an inline style for an element
title text  Specifies extra information about an element

 


Language Attributes

Not valid in base, br, frame, frameset, hr, iframe, param, and script elements.

Attribute Value Description
dir ltr
rtl
Specifies the text direction for the content in an element
lang language_code Specifies a language code for the content in an element. Language code reference
xml:lang language_code Specifies a language code for the content in an element, in XHTML documents. Language code reference

 


Keyboard Attributes

Attribute Value Description
accesskey character Specifies a keyboard shortcut to access an element
tabindex number Specifies the tab order of an element

 

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TML / XHTML Standard Event Attributes

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Standard Event Attributes

HTML 4 added the ability to let events trigger actions in a browser, like starting a JavaScript when a user clicks on an element.

To learn more about programming events, please visit our JavaScript tutorial and our DHTML tutorial.

Below is the standard event attributes that can be inserted into HTML / XHTML elements to define event actions.


<body> and <frameset> Events

The two attributes below can only be used in <body> or <frameset>:

Attribute Value Description
onload script Script to be run when a document load
onunload script Script to be run when a document unload

 


Form Events

The attributes below can be used in form elements:

Attribute Value Description
onblur script Script to be run when an element loses focus
onchange script Script to be run when an element changes
onfocus script Script to be run when an element gets focus
onreset script Script to be run when a form is reset
onselect script Script to be run when an element is selected
onsubmit script Script to be run when a form is submitted

 


Image Events

The attribute below can be used with the img element:

Attribute Value Description
onabort script Script to be run when loading of an image is interrupted

 


Keyboard Events

Valid in all elements except base, bdo, br, frame, frameset, head, html, iframe, meta, param, script, style, and title.

Attribute Value Description
onkeydown script Script to be run when a key is pressed
onkeypress script Script to be run when a key is pressed and released
onkeyup script Script to be run when a key is released

 


Mouse Events

Valid in all elements except base, bdo, br, frame, frameset, head, html, iframe, meta, param, script, style, and title.

Attribute Value Description
onclick script Script to be run on a mouse click
ondblclick script Script to be run on a mouse double-click
onmousedown script Script to be run when mouse button is pressed
onmousemove script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves
onmouseout script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves out of an element
onmouseover script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves over an element
onmouseup script Script to be run when mouse button is released

 

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